Over a decade ago the polarizing topic of stem cell therapy came to the forefront of the media and stirred the sociopolitical undercurrents of the country. The policies in question involved the use of embryonic stem cells for the purpose of research and eventually medical treatment of some of the most arduous diseases.
Fast-forward to 2013, currently the debate regarding the usage of stem cells has been somewhat diffused by increased usage of autologous (cells or tissues obtained from the same individual) adult stem cells. The usage of adult stem cells is less controversial because it does not require the destruction of an embryo. The primary roles of adult stem cells in a living organism are to maintain and repair the tissue in which they are found. Adult stem cell treatments have been successfully used for more than 50 years to treat leukemia and related bone/blood cancers through bone marrow transplants
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